Prostheses, Upper Limb, Hand, Passive
Definition : Hand prostheses designed for cosmetic (i.e., passive) replacement of a missing hand. These prostheses are typically devices that resemble a natural hand and are made of metal (e.g., cobalt-chromium alloys), hard plastics (e.g., polyethylene), or a combination of materials; they are usually fixed with a socket to the wrist and require some degree of customization. Passive hand prostheses are usually covered with a cosmetic glove; they are available in a great variety of configurations and sizes. The prostheses may be used alone as a replacement for a lost hand or as the terminal component of a below-the-elbow, above-the-elbow, or total upper limb prosthesis; some hand prostheses can be locked in several fixed positions. They are used mainly in patients who have congenital abnormalities or who suffered amputations due to illness (e.g., diabetes) or traumatic accidents.
Entry Terms : "Passive Hand Prostheses" , "Passive Prostheses, Hand" , "Passive Prostheses, External Component"
UMDC code : 23354